John 19:16-42

Humanity Redeemed | Week 6

Donna Gaines is the wife of Pastor Steve Gaines, a teacher, author of four books, and editor of A Daily Women’s Devotional.
Donna Gaines
February 9, 2022
October 27, 2020

Donna Gaines teaches Week 6 of "Humanity Redeemed" from Bellevue Women.

Week Six – Golgotha

I. Jesus - Crucified between two thieves

John 19:16-18

II. King of the Jews

John 19:19-22
Jesus the Nazarene, the King of the Jews (Hebrew, Latin, and Greek)

III. The Soldiers cast lots for His clothes

John 19:23-25a

IV. Jesus took care of His mother

John 19:25-27

“Tradition has it that the beloved disciple, identified as the apostle John, came to live in Ephesus, and accordingly the traditional sites of the tombs of Mary and John are both in Ephesus” (John: An Introduction and Commentary, Colin G. Kruse, Logos).

V. It is finished!

John 19:28-30
The Seven Last Words of Jesus on the Cross:

  • “Father, forgive these people because they don’t know What they are doing.” Luke 23:34
  • “I assure you, today you will be with me in paradise.” Luke 23:43
  • “Woman, he is your son. She is your mother...” John 19:26-27
  • “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34
  • “I am thirsty.” John 19:28
  • “It is finished.” John 19:30
  • “Father, I entrust my spirit into your hands!” Luke 23:46

(Life Application Study Bible, p. 1471)

VI. Joseph and Nicodemus

John 19:31-42

Christ died for our sins – “For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:3-4).

This is called penal substitutionary atonement. There are those in the progressive Christian movement who do not believe that Jesus had to die for our sins. This is a belief they have created outside the authority and clear teaching of Scripture.

A. We are fallen image bearers

(Romans 3:23; 5:12; Ephesians 2:1-3)

B. Sin separates

(Genesis 3:7-8; Isaiah 59:2; Ephesians 2:12; 4:18)

C. The consequence of sin is death

(Genesis 2:17; Ezekiel 18:20; Romans 6:23)

D. Jesus, God incarnate, died in our place – bearing our sin

(Isaiah 53; Romans 3:21-25; Romans 5:8-10; Acts 20:28; 1 Corinthians 15:3; Galatians 1:3-4; Hebrews 9:26; 1 Timothy 2:5-6)

E. Jesus paid our sin debt

(1 Corinthians 6:20; Galatians 3:13; 1 Peter 1:18-19; 3:18)

F. Jesus satisfied the wrath of God – Christ’s passion and death occurred in accordance with the will of God

(John 3:36; Romans 3:24-25; Hebrews 2:17)

G. Jesus reconciled us to God

(Romans 5:9-11; 2 Corinthians 5:18-21; Colossians 1:20; Ephesians 2:16; Revelation 5:9)

H. Jesus willingly laid down His life

John 10:18

(Adapted from Another Gospel, p. 204-205)

“God looked on the evil and sin of the world, stepped into His own creation, and took our sins upon Himself to effectively end sin and evil forever” (Alissa Childers, Another Gospel, p. 219).

“The wrath of God is not a divine temper tantrum triggered by erratic feelings of offense and hatred, the wrath of God is not petty or spiteful. It is the controlled and righteous judgment of anything that opposes the Lord’s perfect nature and love. We should be very thankful for the wrath of God. The wrath of God means that there will be justice for the victims of the Holocaust. The wrath of God means that ISIS won’t get away with its atrocities. The wrath of God means that one day all evil and sin will be quarantined and that those who have put their trust in Jesus will be entirely separated from wickedness and safe from the clutches of suffering and corruption forever. God’s wrath exists because He is love” (Alissa Childers, Another Gospel, p. 214-215).

This is the narrative of scripture from Genesis to Revelation: Creation, Fall, Redemption and Restoration.

“What God declares the believing heart confesses without the need of further proof.” (A. W. Tozer, The Knowledge of the Holy, p. 19)

Salvation - The Goodness of God

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. God declared it good, very good (Genesis 1-2).

The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (Genesis 3).

The first Messianic prophecy was given in Genesis 3:15, “And I will put enmity
between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel.”

God established from the beginning that it would take the shedding of the blood of the innocent to cover our sin. God killed the first animal and used its skin to clothe Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:21).

Moses on Mt. Sinai – “Show me your glory” (Exodus 33:18-19).

Jesus, the Glory of God (John 1:1 & 14)

The Goodness of Jesus was offensive to the lost.

Jesus on the Cross (Matthew 27; Mark 15; Luke 23; John 19)

The Light of the World was darkened by our sin (Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44).

There is no need for sun or moon in heaven – The Lamb is the lamp of Heaven (Revelation 21:23).

The Goodness and Glory of God bore our evil in His body on that tree (1 Peter 2:24).

The Veil was torn from top to bottom – Forever opening the Throne Room (Matthew 27:50- 51; Mark 15:37-38; Luke 23:45).

Hebrews 9:11-12 & 26-28

Messianic Prophecies and Fulfillments

  • Messiah was to be betrayed by one of His followers. Psalm 41:19 - Matthew 26:14-16, 47-50; Luke 22:19-22; John 13:11
  • Messiah was to be tried and condemned. Isaiah 53:8 - Matthew 27:1-2; Luke 23:1-25
  • Messiah was to be silent before His accusers. Isaiah 53:7 - Matthew 27:12-14; Mark 15:3-4; Luke 23:8-10
  • Messiah was to be struck, spat upon, mocked, and insulted. Isaiah 50:6; Psalm 22:7-8 - Matthew 26:67, 27:30; Mark 14:65; Matthew 27:39-44; Luke 23:11, 35
  • Messiah was to die by crucifixion. Psalm 22:14-17 - Matthew 27:31; Mark 15:20-25
  • Messiah was to suffer with criminals and pray for His enemies. Isaiah 53:12 - Matthew 27:38; Mark 15:27-28; Luke 23:32-34
  • Messiah was to be given vinegar. Psalm 69:21 - Matthew 27:34; John 19:28-30
  • Others were to cast lots for His garments. Psalm 22:18 - Matthew 27:35; John 19:23-24
  • Messiah’s bones were not to be broken. Exodus 12:46 - John 19:31-36
  • Messiah was to die as a sacrifice for sin. Isaiah 53:5-12 - John 1:29, 11:49-52; Acts 10:43, 13:38-39
  • Messiah was to be raised from the dead. Psalm 16:10 - Matthew 28:1-10; Acts 2:22-32
  • Messiah is now at God’s right hand. Psalm 110:1 - Mark 16:19; Luke 24:50-51

(Life Application Study Bible, p. 1682)